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    The Woodland Grant Scheme (WGS) provides incentives for people to create and manage woodlands on sites all over Great Britain. The Forestry Commission pays grants for establishing and looking after woodlands and forests. To qualify for grant the applicant must meet the standards of environmental protection and practice set out in the Forestry Commission’s guidelines. WGS1 operated between June 1988 and June 1991. Updates to scheme boundaries and grant aided areas were incorporated into the dataset on a regular basis until the end of 2004. No further changes will be made after this time.

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    National Forest Estate Bridges are managed by Forestry Civil Engineering in one of the Forestry Commission's Forester GIS modules. This data set comprises location and category of construction. Attributes; FCE_REF - Unique ID ref LOCATION - Geographical descriptor GRID_REF - Ordnance Survey National Grid Reference BRIDGE_TYPE - Bridge construction type

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    Woodland Creation forms part of the Scottish Rural Development Programme (SRDP) 2014 - 2020. The SRDP delivers Pillar 2 of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Utilising some £1,326m of European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development funding, plus Scottish Government match funding, it funds economic, environmental and social measures for the benefit of rural Scotland. The SRDP is co-funded by the European Commission and the Scottish Government and reflects the 6 EU Rural Development Priorities. The programme also reflects the Scottish Government National Policy Framework (NPF). The aim of the Forestry Grant Scheme woodland creation category is to support the creation of new woodlands that will provide a range of economic, environmental and social benefits which include: - delivery of the Scottish Government target to extend woodland cover by an additional 100,000 hectares over the period of 2012-2022 - climate change mitigation by tackling greenhouse gas emissions through carbon sequestration - restoration of lost habitats through developing forest habitat networks - underpinning a sustainable forest industry by providing a reliable timber supply - protecting the soil and water environment - providing community benefits through public access - enhancing urban areas and improving landscapes - supporting rural development through local businesses and farm diversification A fundamental consideration when creating new woodland is whether or not the tree species is appropriate to the site. You should carry out an appropriate site based assessment of soil and vegetation to match species choice with the particular site. Forestry Commission 'Ecological Site Classification' (ESC) decision support system helps guide forest managers and planners to select ecologically suited species to sites. ESC considers: windiness; temperature; moisture; continentality; soil moisture and soil nutrients. This helps to determine suitability of the chosen species to the site and identifies it as: poor; marginal; suitable or very suitable. In order to be considered for SRDP grant support the overall suitability for your chosen species must be either 'very suitable' or 'suitable'. As an initial first step in determining suitability, the polygons in this dataset represent the climatic suitability of the chosen tree species to the site. Climatic suitability, based on ESC uses the following climatic site factors: - Accumulated temperature - Moisture deficit - Exposure (Detailed Aspect Method Scoring [DAMS]) - Continentality NOTE: This datasets does NOT take into account any soils information. Any application that is identified on the map as being either 'unsuitable' or 'marginal' may still be considered - but only if you clearly demonstrate that the site is 'suitable' for the chosen species of tree (for example where there is localised shelter in an otherwise exposed location). The woodland creation category has nine options and the associated aims are: - 'Conifer' To create conifer woodlands on land that is suitable for timber production and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). This option is principally aimed at planting Sitka spruce. - 'Diverse Conifer' To create conifer woodlands on land that is suitable for timber production and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). This option is aimed at planting conifer species other than Sitka spruce. - 'Broadleaves' To create broadleaved woodlands on land that is suitable for sawn and prime timber and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). - 'Native Scots Pine' To create or expand native pinewood priority habitat (NVC) W18 - 'Native Upland Birch' The creation of native upland birch woodland of the National Vegetation Classification (NVC) W4: Downy Birch with Purple Moor Grass on shallow peaty soils. - 'Native Broadleaves' To create native broadleaved priority woodland habitats of the following National Vegetation Classification (NVC) types: W6 Alder with Stinging Nettle W7 Alder-Ash with Yellow Pimpernel W8 Ash, Field maple with Stinging Nettle W9 Ash, Rowan with Dogs Mercury W10 Oak (penduculate) with Bluebell Hyacinth W11 Oak (sessile), Downy Birch with Bluebell/wild Hyacinth W16 Oak, Birch W17 Oak (sessile), Downy Birch with Bilberry/Blaeberry - 'Native Low Density Broadleaves' To create specific native woodland or scrub habitats; including areas of ecotones for black grouse, treeline woodlands, juniper and other forms of scrub woodland and wood pasture systems. Normally associated with other woodland habitats in a transitional situation (eg. transition onto open hill: Black Grouse; Montane Scrub). - 'Small or Farm Woodland' To create small scale mixed broadleaved and conifer woodlands on farms and other rural land. - 'Native Broadleaves in Northern & Western Isles' To create native woodlands that contributes to the Orkney, Shetland or Western Isles woodland strategies. DATASET ATTRIBUTES: - Suitability - ie. 'Very Suitable', 'Suitable', 'Marginal', 'Unsuitable' or 'Inland Water'

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    Management Plans provided a simpler alternative to Forest Plans for woodlands under 100 hectares. They are required as part of the eligibility criteria for SRDP RDC-RP grants. However no grant payments are available for the preperation of management plans.The Management Plan must give a clear and concise description of the woodland and the indicative management proposals for 5 years. These must be in accordance with the principles of sustainable forest management as defined by the UK Forestry Standard. Basic attribute information is captured during the digitising process. This is subsequently joined to more comprehensive information which is entered in an Excel spreadsheet by Conservancy staff. Attributes ======= CASE_REF_NO: Management Plan reference number CONSERVANCY: Conservancy RPAC: Regional Proposal Assessment Committee GRID_REF: National Grid Reference CASE_OFFICER: Case Officer AGREED_AREA: Area agreed for the Management Plan DATE_AGREED: Plan start date DATE_EXPIRES: Plan end date

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    Forest Plans aim to deliver long-term environmental benefits through sustainable forest management and consists of a strategic plan describing the major forest operations over a 20 year period. Support is given to help prepare a Forest Plan through the SRDP's Woodland Improvement Grant (WIG) for long-term forest planning. An approved Forest Plan will give a 10 year approval for felling, thinning and will provide the means of accessing grants for restructuring felling and regeneration and other grant support through Rural Development Contracts - Rural Priorities. This dataset stores information on the Forest Plan boundary, the 1st and 2nd clearfell phases (1-5 years and 6-10 years) and areas managed under Low Impact Silvicultural Systems (LISS). Basic attribute information is captured during the digitising process. This is subsequently joined to more comprehensive information which is entered in an Excel spreadsheet by Conservancy staff. Attributes ======= Case_No : RDC Case Reference Number. GIS_Area : Area generated from spatial data capture Descriptor: Description of the spatial feature Fell_Start: Start year of felling phase. Fell_End: End year of felling phase. Local_Auth: Local Authority RPAC: Regional Proposal Assessment Committee Cons_Name: Conservancy Grid_Ref: National Grid Reference Case_Offcr: Case Officer Claim_Area: Area claimed for the Forest Plan. This only applies to the FP Boundary Cont_Start : Date of Approval Cont_End : Contract end date.

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    Description: Forest Plans were introduced for landowners planning to carry out felling, restocking and thinning in their woodlands over a 20 year period. The Forestry Commission provided a grant to help prepare a plan (Plan Preparation Grant) and owners can claim restocking grants set at the same rate as the Woodland Grant Scheme (1999 - 2003) or Scottish Forestry Grant Scheme (2003 - 2006). Once the plan is approved, a Forest Plan contract provides felling and restocking approval for 10 years. Forest Plans (SFGS) were closed to new applications in December 2006. ********************************************************************************** Dataset Attributes: Descriptor Description of the spatial feature SchemeNo Forest Plan number SchemeName Name of the Forest Plan Status Current status Prop_Type Property type (business, personal, voluntary) Owner_Type Owner type (owner, trust) Grid_Ref National grid reference Local_Auth Local Authority Cont_Start Forest Plan contract start date Cont_End Forest Plan contract end date Case_Offcr Case Officer name Cons_Name Conservancy name Agent_Name Agent name Agent_PC Agent postcode Agent_Tel Agent telephone number Area_ha Total area of work type ******************************************************************************************

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    Scotland’s woodlands and forests are a vital national resource and play an important role in rural development and sustainable land use. As well as helping to reduce the impacts of climate change and providing timber for industry, our forests enhance and protect the environment and provide opportunities for public enjoyment. The Forestry Grant Scheme (FGS) will support: - the creation of new woodlands, contributing towards the Scottish Government target of 10,000 hectares of new woodlands per year - the sustainable management of existing woodlands AGRO-FORESTRY =============== The two options in this category support creation of small scale woodlands on agricultural pasture or forage land. This will allow for an integrated approach to land management where there is a mix of trees and sheep grazing. Each option relates to how many trees you want to plant: - 400 trees per hectare - 200 trees per hectare

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    The Woodland Carbon Code (www.forestry.gov.uk/carboncode) is the standard for UK woodland creation projects where carbon is accounted for. It is managed by the Forestry Commission. All projects have to register, and are publicly available on the UK Woodland Carbon Registry, managed by Markit (www.markit.com/product/registry). Once registered, they are validated at the outset and then verified at regular intervals throughout the project to check the amount of carbon sequestered, and that the project is sustainably managed. Woodland Carbon Code projects are expected to be managed in line with their agreed management plan (to ensure the predicted amount of carbon sequestration is realised), and a landowner has the responsibility to ensure future landowners are aware of the commitment of a particular land area to the Woodland Carbon Code, should an area of woodland be sold. This dataset gives the spatial extent of the Woodland Carbon Code projects, along with their current status, species type, and country. The majority of projects also receive a woodland creation grant, but some Woodland Carbon Code projects also include non-grant aided areas, or are not grant aided at all. Woodland Carbon Code statistics are produced quarterly on the last day of March, June, September and December and available from http://www.forestry.gov.uk/forestry/infd-93yjte. This layer will be updated each quarter alongside the statistics update.

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    The pinewood zone is the area within Scotland where Scots pine - pinus sylvestris is deemed a native species; outside of this zone it is believed that pine is not native.

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    Woodlands In and Around Towns (WIAT) The Woods In and Around Towns (WIAT) Programme provides the focus for Forestry Commission Scotland’s work on improving quality of life in towns and cities. The purpose of WIAT is to: - Bring neglected woodland into active management. - Work with people to help them use their local woodland. There are four key characteristics of woodland that determine whether it improves quality of life: 1. Where it is The woodland must be close to where people live and/or work. We will undertake WIAT related activities within 1km of settlements of over 2000 people (Fig 1). Within the WIAT area, deprived areas are a priority. 2. How it is managed Management for people will be the top priority in most WIAT woodlands. Woods should be safe and welcoming to all. WIAT woodland is also important for other aspects of forestry such as biodiversity. Woodland involved in WIAT should be managed in accordance with the UK Forestry Standard. 3. How it is connected to other woodland and greenspace WIAT will promote the creation and management of woodland that is close to other woodland and greenspace so that it contributes to green networks. Paths should link the networks. 4. How it is connected to people Most of the activity in this programme is directed at the physical elements of WIAT: where it is, how it is managed, and how it is connected into green networks. However, reaching out to people should be part of every WIAT project to help people use woodland.