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    The Historic Land use Assessment (HLA) is a technique for helping understand the historic aspects of the landscape around us from an archaeological perspective. The HLA records the historical origins of the various components that make up the landscape, showing how they interrelate spatially and chronologically, and in doing so offers an insight into some of the processes that have created our modern landscape and enables us to recognise how features that survive from past events continue to influence the present. As such, the HLA is a key tool for understanding the historic landscape and complements other techniques of landscape assessment. In combination these enable a more holistic view of the landscape and its development over time to be achieved and approaches to landscape management and planning to be better integrated.

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    National Forest Estate Bridges are managed by Forestry Civil Engineering in one of the Forestry Commission's Forester GIS modules. This data set comprises location and category of construction. Attributes; FCE_REF - Unique ID ref LOCATION - Geographical descriptor GRID_REF - Ordnance Survey National Grid Reference BRIDGE_TYPE - Bridge construction type

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    The aim of this FGS option is to support the targeted control of grey squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) in areas where they are a threat to red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) populations. This support is offered via the Forestry Grant Scheme (FGS) - Sustainable Management of Forests - Species Conservation - Grey Squirrel Control. Please note that this dataset is primarily intended to support the FGS grant scheme. For a copy of the definitive PARC boundaries and indicative buffers, please contact the Scottish Wildlife Trust. Forestry Commission Scotland would like to thank SWT for their approval to use this data.

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    Woodland Creation forms part of the Scottish Rural Development Programme (SRDP) 2014 - 2020. The SRDP delivers Pillar 2 of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Utilising some £1,326m of European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development funding, plus Scottish Government match funding, it funds economic, environmental and social measures for the benefit of rural Scotland. The SRDP is co-funded by the European Commission and the Scottish Government and reflects the 6 EU Rural Development Priorities. The programme also reflects the Scottish Government National Policy Framework (NPF). The aim of the Forestry Grant Scheme woodland creation category is to support the creation of new woodlands that will provide a range of economic, environmental and social benefits which include: - delivery of the Scottish Government target to extend woodland cover by an additional 100,000 hectares over the period of 2012-2022 - climate change mitigation by tackling greenhouse gas emissions through carbon sequestration - restoration of lost habitats through developing forest habitat networks - underpinning a sustainable forest industry by providing a reliable timber supply - protecting the soil and water environment - providing community benefits through public access - enhancing urban areas and improving landscapes - supporting rural development through local businesses and farm diversification A fundamental consideration when creating new woodland is whether or not the tree species is appropriate to the site. You should carry out an appropriate site based assessment of soil and vegetation to match species choice with the particular site. Forestry Commission 'Ecological Site Classification' (ESC) decision support system helps guide forest managers and planners to select ecologically suited species to sites. ESC considers: windiness; temperature; moisture; continentality; soil moisture and soil nutrients. This helps to determine suitability of the chosen species to the site and identifies it as: poor; marginal; suitable or very suitable. In order to be considered for SRDP grant support the overall suitability for your chosen species must be either 'very suitable' or 'suitable'. As an initial first step in determining suitability, the polygons in this dataset represent the climatic suitability of the chosen tree species to the site. Climatic suitability, based on ESC uses the following climatic site factors: - Accumulated temperature - Moisture deficit - Exposure (Detailed Aspect Method Scoring [DAMS]) - Continentality NOTE: This datasets does NOT take into account any soils information. Any application that is identified on the map as being either 'unsuitable' or 'marginal' may still be considered - but only if you clearly demonstrate that the site is 'suitable' for the chosen species of tree (for example where there is localised shelter in an otherwise exposed location). The woodland creation category has nine options and the associated aims are: - 'Conifer' To create conifer woodlands on land that is suitable for timber production and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). This option is principally aimed at planting Sitka spruce. - 'Diverse Conifer' To create conifer woodlands on land that is suitable for timber production and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). This option is aimed at planting conifer species other than Sitka spruce. - 'Broadleaves' To create broadleaved woodlands on land that is suitable for sawn and prime timber and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). - 'Native Scots Pine' To create or expand native pinewood priority habitat (NVC) W18 - 'Native Upland Birch' The creation of native upland birch woodland of the National Vegetation Classification (NVC) W4: Downy Birch with Purple Moor Grass on shallow peaty soils. - 'Native Broadleaves' To create native broadleaved priority woodland habitats of the following National Vegetation Classification (NVC) types: W6 Alder with Stinging Nettle W7 Alder-Ash with Yellow Pimpernel W8 Ash, Field maple with Stinging Nettle W9 Ash, Rowan with Dogs Mercury W10 Oak (penduculate) with Bluebell Hyacinth W11 Oak (sessile), Downy Birch with Bluebell/wild Hyacinth W16 Oak, Birch W17 Oak (sessile), Downy Birch with Bilberry/Blaeberry - 'Native Low Density Broadleaves' To create specific native woodland or scrub habitats; including areas of ecotones for black grouse, treeline woodlands, juniper and other forms of scrub woodland and wood pasture systems. Normally associated with other woodland habitats in a transitional situation (eg. transition onto open hill: Black Grouse; Montane Scrub). - 'Small or Farm Woodland' To create small scale mixed broadleaved and conifer woodlands on farms and other rural land. - 'Native Broadleaves in Northern & Western Isles' To create native woodlands that contributes to the Orkney, Shetland or Western Isles woodland strategies. DATASET ATTRIBUTES: - Suitability - ie. 'Very Suitable', 'Suitable', 'Marginal', 'Unsuitable' or 'Inland Water'

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    Scotland’s woodlands and forests are a vital national resource and play an important role in rural development and sustainable land use. As well as helping to reduce the impacts of climate change and providing timber for industry, our forests enhance and protect the environment and provide opportunities for public enjoyment. The Forestry Grant Scheme (FGS) will support: - the creation of new woodlands, contributing towards the Scottish Government target of 10,000 hectares of new woodlands per year - the sustainable management of existing woodlands TREE HEALTH - OPTION ==================== This option provides support to prevent the spread of Phytophthora ramorum (P. ramorum). This option helps with the restoration of forests affected by P. ramorum by supporting the work to remove affected trees and carry out subsequent replanting.

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    Anyone wishing to fell trees must ensure that a licence or permission under a grant scheme has been issued by the Forestry Commission before any felling is carried out or that one of the exceptions apply. You normally need to get permission from the Forestry Commission to fell growing trees. This is usually given in a Felling Licence or an approval under a grant scheme. In certain circumstances you may also need special permission from another organisation for any proposed felling. This sometimes applies even if you do not need a Felling Licence. Everyone involved in the felling of trees, whether doing the work or by engaging others, eg. the owner, agent, timber merchant or contractor, must ensure that a licence or approval under a grant scheme has been issued before any felling is carried out or that one of the exceptions apply. They must also ensure that the work is carried out in accordance with the terms of a Forestry Commission permission. If there is no licence or other valid permission, or if the wrong trees are felled, anyone involved can be prosecuted. Do not begin felling until the Forestry Commission have issued a licence or other permission. Any felling carried out without either a licence or other permission is an offence, unless it is covered by an exception. Full details are available in the Forestry Commission's booklet 'Tree Felling - Getting Permission'.

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    The Woodland Grant Scheme (WGS) provides incentives for people to create and manage woodlands on sites all over Great Britain. The Forestry Commission pays grants for establishing and looking after woodlands and forests. To qualify for grant the applicant must meet the standards of environmental protection and practice set out in the Forestry Commission’s guidelines. WGS2 operated between June 1991 and September 1994. It was replaced by WGS3 Updates to scheme boundaries and grant aided areas were incorporated into the dataset on a regular basis until the end of 2012. No further changes will be made after this time.

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    The pinewood zone is the area within Scotland where Scots pine - pinus sylvestris is deemed a native species; outside of this zone it is believed that pine is not native.

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    The usage, name and grade of the series of recreation segments that link together to form linear recreation features, for example, mountain bike trails or walking trails. Primary Route Types... Walking - Must be promoted as an FC route, and have management activity and investment (e.g. Nature trail, heritage trail, education trail, forest walk, trim trail, all ability access trail). Cycling - Must be promoted as an FC route, and have management activity and investment (Mountain bike route, road bike, downhill, cross-country, family, rough riders). Equestrian - Must be promoted as an FC route, and have management activity and investment (Carriage route, standard). Forest Drive - Must be promoted as an FC route, and have management activity and investment (e.g. Toll, Toll free). Running - Must be promoted as an FC route, and have management activity and investment. Huskies - Must be promoted as an FC route, and have management activity and investment. Emergency Services - Must be an agreed access route for emergency services (Fire, ambulance, mountain rescue). Rally - Must be an approved rally route. Other Route Types are further split into Route Subtype... Nature Trail Sculpture Trail Heritage Trail Sensory Trail Education Trail Play Trail Downhill Cross Country Family Carriage Route Toll Toll Free Fire Ambulance Mountain Rescue Forest Walk Trim Trail All ability Access Trail Mountain Bike Road Bike Standard Cross Country Ski Segway Other Whare appropriate routes are graded... Easy Moderate Difficult Green - Easy Blue - Moderate Red - Difficult Black - Severe Orange - Bike Park Forest road or similar

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    Description: ======================================= This dataset applies to Felling Licence Application recieved by the Forestry Commission after 1st January 2012 and administered using Forestry Commission Scotland's Case Management System. ======================================= Anyone wishing to fell trees must ensure that a licence or permission under a grant scheme has been issued by the Forestry Commission before any felling is carried out or that one of the exceptions apply. You normally need to get permission from the Forestry Commission to fell growing trees. This is usually given in a Felling Licence or an approval under a grant scheme. In certain circumstances you may also need special permission from another organisation for any proposed felling. This sometimes applies even if you do not need a Felling Licence. Everyone involved in the felling of trees, whether doing the work or by engaging others, eg. the owner, agent, timber merchant or contractor, must ensure that a licence or approval under a grant scheme has been issued before any felling is carried out or that one of the exceptions apply. They must also ensure that the work is carried out in accordance with the terms of a Forestry Commission permission. If there is no licence or other valid permission, or if the wrong trees are felled, anyone involved can be prosecuted. Do not begin felling until the Forestry Commission have issued a licence or other permission. Any felling carried out without either a licence or other permission is an offence, unless it is covered by an exception. Full details are available in the Forestry Commission's booklet 'Tree Felling - Getting Permission'. Attributes: CASE_REF : Case reference number PROPERTY : Property name WOODLAND : Woodland name AREA_BL : Broadleaf area to be felled (for whole licenced area) AREA_CON : Conifer area to be felled (for whole licenced area) WOOD_OFFCR : Woodland Officer assigned to the case NRST_TOWN : Nearest town LOCAL_AUTH : Local Authority CONS : Conservancy GRID_REF : National Grid Reference STATUS : The current status of the application DECISION : The felling licence decision DECISN_DAT : The date of the licence decision EXPIRY_DAT : The date the licence expires RESTCK_DAT : The date of any restocking requirements FELL_TYPE : The type of felling operation EST_VOLUME : The estimated volume from felling in cubic meters. Applies to the specific operation EST_AREA : The applicants estimated area of felling. Applies to the specific operation CALC_AREA : The digitised (GIS) area of felling.