Collation of habitat polygon records contributing to the Geodatabase of Marine features adjacent to Scotland (GeMS). Records are attributed as to their qualification as protected features of protected areas within the Scottish MPA network. Where appropriate typical record details will include: status as Scottish Priority Marine Features or Annex I Habitat, MNCR biotope, EUNIS habitat, date, date range, year, status, accuracy, determiner and details of where the records are sourced from and intellectual property ownership. Polygon area values in the HECTARES field are calculated using ETRS89-LAEA (EPSG:3035) using the standard centre of projection at 10° E, 52° N.
Layers relate to: the components of Priority Marine Features (PMF), MPA Search features (Black guillemot or Large-scale features of functional significance used to underpin the selection of Nature Conservation Marine Protected Areas (NC MPA)). Our knowledge about the marine environment, and about which locations should be recommended as MPAs, comes from a range of sources: from targeted surveys led by SNH, JNCC and Marine Scotland focussed on marine habitats and species relevant to Priority marine Features (PMF), survey work conducted by industry, volunteers recording information while enjoying the marine environment for recreation. Information varies from recent to much older. There are a number of different types of data which have been collected using a range of different methods. Data has been placed into a standardised structure to support its use. Depending on who collected them, and for which purpose, some data were in a format we could use immediately while other data needed to be processed before they were able to be used in the Scottish MPA project. The information has been collated in a computer database called GeMS (Geodatabase for Marine Habitats and Species adjacent to Scotland) and has underpinned much of the Scottish Marine Protected Areas process. These layers update and build upon mapping presented in Baxter et al., 2011. Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the national marine plan. Marine Scotland, Edinburgh. pp.191
The dataset comprises polygons representing habitat compartments covering part of Aberdeenshire Council area and the whole of Aberdeen City Council area. Integrated Habitat System classifications were used to create habitat polygons using GIS mapping. Each polygon contains an Integrated Habitat System code representing a particular habitat type derived from UK Biodiversity Action Plan Broad Habitat types and UK Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitat types.
The dataset shows larger expanses of bare peat across Scotland from Sentinel 2 imagery taken in summer 2018. Resolution of 10m x 10m Sentinel 2 pixels. Produced by GIG Earth Observation team for the Peatland Action project to be used at a regional scale to identify those parts of Scotland with the most exposed peat.
This service contains layers with data about various species distribution and habitat mapping surveys and modelling products.
From 2010-2012 all known saltmarshes larger than 3ha were surveyed across the Scottish mainland and offshore islands, to compile the first detailed comprehensive national survey of this habitat in Scotland. All saltmarsh and brackish swamp was mapped using the National Vegetation Classification. All mapped areas were digitised to a 1:4,000 scale GIS database. The condition of each saltmarsh site visited was assessed. The primary aims of the Scottish Saltmarsh Survey (SSS) were to obtain information on the morphology, vegetation community structure and species found on saltmarsh sites above 3ha in area or 500m in linear extent.The survey was a joint project between Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA).The saltmarsh survey was tendered in 2009 and awarded to NatureBureau Ltd, who began work on the project in 2010.Detailed report: http://www.snh.gov.uk/publications-data-and-research/publications/search-the-catalogue/publication-detail/?id=2404
Collation of habitat point records contributing to the Geodatabase of Marine features adjacent to Scotland (GeMS). Records are attributed as to their qualification as protected features of protected areas within the Scottish MPA network. Where appropriate typical record details will include: status as Scottish Priority Marine Features or Annex I Habitat, MNCR biotope, EUNIS habitat, date, date range, year, status, accuracy, determiner and details of where the records are sourced from and intellectual property ownership.
In response to a 1980 select committee which recommended that ancient woods should be recognised and treated as a separate category, the NCCs compiled the Inventories of Ancient, Long-established and Semi-natural woodlands. A more sophisticated classification was developed for woodlands in Scotland due to the nature of the available historical sources. IMPORTANT. For Scottish woods, the category Ancient comprises woods recorded as being of semi-natural origin on EITHER the 1750 Roy maps OR the 1st Edition Ordnance Survey maps of 1860. This is due a) to the likelihood of the latter having been omitted from the Roy maps and b) to render the Scottish classification compatible with that for England and Wales.
Marine Scotland commissioned SNH to identify locations within inshore waters (6NM limit) where there is a need to consider additional management for bottom contacting mobile fishing gears to ensure there is no significant impact on the national status of 11 PMFs*. A consultation was launched in July 2018 seeking views on the data and evidence sources; the proposed management approach; and reasonable alternatives. The following data has been made available: point data for 10 PMF species and their management status (native oysters are excluded for sensitivity reasons); polygon extents of "areas for management consideration" and "knowledge gaps"; polygon extents of estimated fishing footprint of bottom trawl and scallop dredge for period 2009-2016; illustrative management areas for PMFs outside of the MPA network. *The PMFs encompassed by the review are Blue mussel beds, Cold water coral reefs, Fan mussel aggregations, Flame shell beds, Horse mussel beds, Maerl beds, Maerl or coarse shell gravel with burrowing sea cucumbers, Native oysters, Northern sea fan and sponge communities, Seagrass beds, Serpulid aggregations
Biogenetic reserves act as 'living laboratories' and are representative examples of various types of natural environment in Europe. They can consist of natural or semi-natural habitats and their selection is based on their value for nature conservation and protected status based on four criteria: 'typical', 'unique', 'rare' and/or 'endangered' which can be applied to habitats or species. The protected status must be adequate to ensure the conservation or management of the sites in the long term in accordance with fixed objectives.