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    National Forest Estate Bridges are managed by Forestry Civil Engineering in one of the Forestry Commission's Forester GIS modules. This data set comprises location and category of construction. Attributes; FCE_REF - Unique ID ref LOCATION - Geographical descriptor GRID_REF - Ordnance Survey National Grid Reference BRIDGE_TYPE - Bridge construction type

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    Woodland Creation forms part of the Scottish Rural Development Programme (SRDP) 2014 - 2020. The SRDP delivers Pillar 2 of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Utilising some £1,326m of European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development funding, plus Scottish Government match funding, it funds economic, environmental and social measures for the benefit of rural Scotland. The SRDP is co-funded by the European Commission and the Scottish Government and reflects the 6 EU Rural Development Priorities. The programme also reflects the Scottish Government National Policy Framework (NPF). The aim of the Forestry Grant Scheme woodland creation category is to support the creation of new woodlands that will provide a range of economic, environmental and social benefits which include: - delivery of the Scottish Government target to extend woodland cover by an additional 100,000 hectares over the period of 2012-2022 - climate change mitigation by tackling greenhouse gas emissions through carbon sequestration - restoration of lost habitats through developing forest habitat networks - underpinning a sustainable forest industry by providing a reliable timber supply - protecting the soil and water environment - providing community benefits through public access - enhancing urban areas and improving landscapes - supporting rural development through local businesses and farm diversification A fundamental consideration when creating new woodland is whether or not the tree species is appropriate to the site. You should carry out an appropriate site based assessment of soil and vegetation to match species choice with the particular site. Forestry Research 'Ecological Site Classification' (ESC) decision support system helps guide forest managers and planners to select ecologically suited species to sites. ESC considers: windiness; temperature; moisture; continentality; soil moisture and soil nutrients. This helps to determine suitability of the chosen species to the site and identifies it as: poor; marginal; suitable or very suitable. In order to be considered for SRDP grant support the overall suitability for your chosen species must be either 'very suitable' or 'suitable'. As an initial first step in determining suitability, the polygons in this dataset represent the climatic suitability of the chosen tree species to the site. Climatic suitability, based on ESC uses the following climatic site factors: - Accumulated temperature - Moisture deficit - Exposure (Detailed Aspect Method Scoring [DAMS]) - Continentality NOTE: This datasets does NOT take into account any soils information. Any application that is identified on the map as being either 'unsuitable' or 'marginal' may still be considered - but only if you clearly demonstrate that the site is 'suitable' for the chosen species of tree (for example where there is localised shelter in an otherwise exposed location). The woodland creation category has nine options and the associated aims are: - 'Conifer' To create conifer woodlands on land that is suitable for timber production and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). This option is principally aimed at planting Sitka spruce. - 'Diverse Conifer' To create conifer woodlands on land that is suitable for timber production and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). This option is aimed at planting conifer species other than Sitka spruce. - 'Broadleaves' To create broadleaved woodlands on land that is suitable for sawn and prime timber and that is accessible for timber transport (including links to suitable public roads). - 'Native Scots Pine' To create or expand native pinewood priority habitat (NVC) W18 - 'Native Upland Birch' The creation of native upland birch woodland of the National Vegetation Classification (NVC) W4: Downy Birch with Purple Moor Grass on shallow peaty soils. - 'Native Broadleaves' To create native broadleaved priority woodland habitats of the following National Vegetation Classification (NVC) types: W6 Alder with Stinging Nettle W7 Alder-Ash with Yellow Pimpernel W8 Ash, Field maple with Stinging Nettle W9 Ash, Rowan with Dogs Mercury W10 Oak (penduculate) with Bluebell Hyacinth W11 Oak (sessile), Downy Birch with Bluebell/wild Hyacinth W16 Oak, Birch W17 Oak (sessile), Downy Birch with Bilberry/Blaeberry - 'Native Low Density Broadleaves' To create specific native woodland or scrub habitats; including areas of ecotones for black grouse, treeline woodlands, juniper and other forms of scrub woodland and wood pasture systems. Normally associated with other woodland habitats in a transitional situation (eg. transition onto open hill: Black Grouse; Montane Scrub). - 'Small or Farm Woodland' To create small scale mixed broadleaved and conifer woodlands on farms and other rural land. - 'Native Broadleaves in Northern & Western Isles' To create native woodlands that contributes to the Orkney, Shetland or Western Isles woodland strategies. DATASET ATTRIBUTES: - Suitability - ie. 'Very Suitable', 'Suitable', 'Marginal', 'Unsuitable' or 'Inland Water'

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    Forest Plans aim to deliver long-term environmental benefits through sustainable forest management and consists of a strategic plan describing the major forest operations over a 20 year period. RDC Forest Plans were closed to new applications in 2012, but the dataset is still updated in terms of boundary changes to felling phases and LISS. Support was given to help prepare a Forest Plan through the SRDP's Woodland Improvement Grant (WIG) for long-term forest planning. An approved Forest Plan gave a 10 year approval for felling, thinning and provided the means of accessing grants for restructuring felling and regeneration and other grant support through Rural Development Contracts - Rural Priorities. This dataset stores information on the Forest Plan boundary, the 1st and 2nd clearfell phases (1-5 years and 6-10 years) and areas managed under Low Impact Silvicultural Systems (LISS). Basic attribute information is captured during the digitising process. This is subsequently joined to more comprehensive information which is entered in an Excel spreadsheet by Conservancy staff. Attributes ======= Case_No : RDC Case Reference Number. GIS_Area : Area generated from spatial data capture Descriptor: Description of the spatial feature Fell_Start: Start year of felling phase. Fell_End: End year of felling phase. Local_Auth: Local Authority RPAC: Regional Proposal Assessment Committee Cons_Name: Conservancy Grid_Ref: National Grid Reference Claim_Area: Area claimed for the Forest Plan. This only applies to the FP Boundary Cont_Start : Date of Approval Cont_End : Contract end date.

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    Physical recreation feature on the ground best depicted as point. These features a divided into eight Categories... Signage - FC branded signs, information and navigational aids, which have management activity and investment (e.g. trailhead, waymarker, information board, access point, finger post). Built feature - Purpose built and installed FC asset, which has management activity and investment (e.g. Gate, stile, bin, barrier, ticket machine, counter, steps, footbridge, BBQ, bollard, service point (e.g. bike wash, tap)). Forest furniture - Purpose built and installed FC asset, which has management activity and investment (e.g. Bench, seat, picnic table). Exercise - Purpose built and installed FC asset, which has management activity and investment (e.g. Activity point). Play equipment - Purpose built and installed FC asset, which has management activity and investment (e.g. Play component, structure). Viewpoint - A feature which has management activity and investment. Art feature - Purpose built and installed FC asset or agreed feature, which has management activity and investment (e.g. Art work, sculpture). Forest entrance - Regularly used feature to gain access to the forest/FE estate (e.g. Car park or layby access point). Miscellaneous - Features which do not fall into one of the existing feature types, but required to be captured for management purposes. Within each Category there are a number of Asset types.... Trailhead Way marker Interpretation Information Board Location Ladderboard Gate Stile Bin Barrier Ticket Machine Car Counter Steps Footbridge BBQ Fishing Pag Stepping Stones Bollard Sculpture Bench Seat Activity Point Structure Access point Rendezvous Point Play Component Art Work Finger Post Flag Pole Primary Secondary Culvert Services Point Picnic tables ...and Asset Subtypes... Orienteering marker Vehicle Pedestrian Only A Dog Bin Litter Bin Donation Charge Heavy Vehicle Light Vehicle Pedestrian/horse Pedestrian only Permanent Removable Dragons Teeth Toddler Children Recycling Bin Pay on Foot Barrier Stone Built BBQ Picnic Table BBQ Metal Wood Bridle Gate Restricted Step Stile Ladder Stile Bike Wash Tap Sanitation Point Standard Access to all

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    The Woodland Carbon Code (www.forestry.gov.uk/carboncode) is the standard for UK woodland creation projects where carbon is accounted for. It is managed by the Forestry Commission. All projects have to register, and are publicly available on the UK Woodland Carbon Registry, managed by Markit (www.markit.com/product/registry). Once registered, they are validated at the outset and then verified at regular intervals throughout the project to check the amount of carbon sequestered, and that the project is sustainably managed. Woodland Carbon Code projects are expected to be managed in line with their agreed management plan (to ensure the predicted amount of carbon sequestration is realised), and a landowner has the responsibility to ensure future landowners are aware of the commitment of a particular land area to the Woodland Carbon Code, should an area of woodland be sold. This dataset gives the spatial extent of the Woodland Carbon Code projects, along with their current status, species type, and country. The majority of projects also receive a woodland creation grant, but some Woodland Carbon Code projects also include non-grant aided areas, or are not grant aided at all. Woodland Carbon Code statistics are produced quarterly on the last day of March, June, September and December and available from http://www.forestry.gov.uk/forestry/infd-93yjte. This layer will be updated each quarter alongside the statistics update.

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    Anyone wishing to fell trees must ensure that a licence or permission under a grant scheme has been issued by Scottish Forestry (formerly Forestry Commission Scotland) before any felling is carried out or that one of the exceptions apply. You normally need to get permission from Scottish Forestry to fell growing trees. This is usually given in a Felling Licence or an approval under a grant scheme. In certain circumstances you may also need special permission from another organisation for any proposed felling. This sometimes applies even if you do not need a Felling Licence. Everyone involved in the felling of trees, whether doing the work or by engaging others, eg. the owner, agent, timber merchant or contractor, must ensure that a licence or approval under a grant scheme has been issued before any felling is carried out or that one of the exceptions apply. They must also ensure that the work is carried out in accordance with the terms of a Scottish Forestry permission. If there is no licence or other valid permission, or if the wrong trees are felled, anyone involved can be prosecuted. Do not begin felling until Scottish Forestry have issued a licence or other permission. Any felling carried out without either a licence or other permission is an offence, unless it is covered by an exception.

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    The pinewood zone is the area within Scotland where Scots pine - pinus sylvestris is deemed a native species; outside of this zone it is believed that pine is not native.

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    GB_ROADS is compiled from Forest road network data managed by Forestry Civil Engineering. The data relates to forest road Classification. Forest Roads are categorised on the basis of intended usage (as listed below) rather than the specification used in their construction or upgrading. This can mean that, at a particular point in time, a Class A main road or a Class B spur road may have specification features that could limit its use. Class A - Main Roads Principal timber haulage route on a long-term basis. Constructed to high specification. Maintained to a high standard. Limiting features shown on road map. All year but not all weather. Class B - Spur Roads Used by timber haulage lorries for specific operations. Full geometric and safety standards for stated use. Specification tailored to suit purpose. Possibility that surfacing not high quality or durable. Long term maintenance minimal. Each usage subject to individual engineering assessment. Limiting features noted for each particular contract. Class C - Other Roads Roads other than Main or Spur roads. Maintenance dependent on usage. Not normally used by timber haulage lorries. Use by timber haulage lorries subject to the same individual engineering assessment as Class B roads. Attributes: EVT_LEN : total length of event on road segment RD_REF : reference prescribed by FCE to road segment RD_NUMBER : number prescribed by FCE to road segment RD_NAME : where applicable, local name prescribed by FCE to road segment(s) RD_CLASS : current Forestry Civil Engineering classification type of road DISTRICT : Cost Centre in which road segment occurs COUNTRY : Country in which road segment occurs

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    Description: The Dedication Scheme (Basis I & II) was introduced in 1947 in order to encourage landowners to retain their land in forestry and to introduce good forestry practice. Basis III was introduced in 1974, providing grants for new planting and additional supplements for broadleaves. The Dedication Scheme was closed to new applications in 1981. Land still under Dedication could continue to be within the scheme but Dedication would terminate on a change of ownership. Dedication schemes without a Plan of Operations and therefore receiving no grant, are deemed to be under Negative Covenant. Dataset Attributes: Descriptor Dataset name Case_Name Dedication Scheme name Case_No Dedication Scheme reference number Basis Basis number of scheme (I, II or III) Date_Appr Date woodland became Dedicated PlanOfOps Period of current (or last) Plan of Operations Covenant Scheme in ‘Positive’ or ‘Negative’ Covenant Grid_Ref Grid Reference of property Total_Area Total area of scheme (* OL not always included) Man_Area Total area of scheme under management

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    A Dark Sky Park is a place with exceptionally dark night skies, a place where people have committed to keeping those skies dark, by controlling light pollution. In November 2009, the International Dark-sky Association designated Galloway Forest Park as only the fourth Dark Sky Park in the world and the first in the UK. But that's not all. The Galloway Park is REALLY dark - a Gold Tier Dark Skies park. Very few people live in the 300 square miles of forest and hills in the park so nights really are black - apart from the stars! Forestry Commission Scotland and the people of the park are committed to keeping it that way.