Localities 1991

Default

Title
Localities 1991
Date ( Publication )
Date ( Creation )
Identifier
www.nrscotland.gov.uk / Localities1991

Abstract
This dataset portrays the boundaries of ‘Localities’ in Scotland as at the 1991 Census.. There is widespread interest in statistics for the built-up areas in Scotland as most of the population lives in a built-up environment. When the former two-tier local government structure of regions and districts came into being in May 1975, the small local authorities known as large and small burghs were lost. However, Census users stated that there was a need to know the population (and characteristics) of built-up areas. For 1991 Localities, information on the area of a postcode was available from the digitised postcode boundaries and also on the postcode’s population from the 1991 Census. The method used to identify localities in 1991 was basically to classify a postcode as either urban or rural based on population density. Groups of urban (high population density) postcodes were identified where the number of residents in all the postcodes in the group was 500 or more. The final stage was to ask the local authorities to suggest any changes which might refine the boundaries of the identified settlements. This method identified 603 localities, 448 of which contained 1,000 residents or more, with the remainder containing a population of 500 or more but less that 1000.

Owner

National Records of Scotland
Ladywell House, Ladywell Road
Edinburgh
Scotland
EH12 7TF
United Kingdom

Publisher

Scottish Government
Victoria Quay
Edinburgh
Scotland
EH6 6QQ
United Kingdom
notPlanned
GEMET - INSPIRE themes, version 1.0 ( Theme )
  • Land use
Use limitation
no conditions apply
Use limitation
The following attribution statement must be used to acknowledge the source of the information: Contains NRS data © Crown copyright and database right (insert year), contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right (insert year)
otherRestrictions
Other constraints
Available under the Ordnance Survey (OS) Open Data Licence (www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/opendata/licence)
Distance
0.000125
Denominator
10000
eng
Topic category
  • Boundaries
Geographic identifier
SCT

Title
ISO 3166-2
Date ( Revision )

N
S
E
W
Reference system identifier
EPSG / OSGB 1936 / British National Grid (EPSG:27700) / 7.4

Distribution format
  • ESRI Shapefile ( 10.0 )

  • WMS ( 1.3.0 )

dataset
Statement
This dataset portrays the boundaries of ‘Localities’ in Scotland as at the 1991 Census.. There is widespread interest in statistics for the built-up areas in Scotland as most of the population lives in a built-up environment. When the former two-tier local government structure of regions and districts came into being in May 1975, the small local authorities known as large and small burghs were lost. However, Census users stated that there was a need to know the population (and characteristics) of built-up areas. In 1981, the method used to define ‘Localities’ in Scotland was, in effect, based on built-up area. More specifically a ‘Locality’ was defined as: ‘A continuous built-up area that had a population of approximately 500 or more at the time of the 1971 Census.’ In deciding whether one built-up area joined on to another, gaps of more than about 1 km were considered to form a break. In addition, those areas that had existed as former burghs were separately identified, even if they were joined to other localities. In most cases the old burgh boundary was used to make the division. However, localities did not coincide exactly with the former burghs if the latter were not wholly built up. Urban growth between 1971 and 1981 was reflected in the planning of the 1981 Enumeration Districts (EDs) so that each Locality was an aggregate of one or more EDs. During the ED planning, the new local authorities were asked to confirm that the localities based on the 1971 Census would be valid for the purposes of the 1981 Census. This process identified 540 localities and following an examination of the 1981 Census output for Localities, the Scottish Office identified a further 17 urban areas which had less than 500 population at the time of the 1971 Census but which should have qualified in 1981 as localities because of population growth. By the time of the Census in 1991, NRS had digitised the boundaries of postcodes which made possible the calculation of population densities within postcodes. The method used to identify localities in 1991 was a three stage process: 1. Postcodes were classified as ‘urban’ or ‘rural’. A postcode was defined as ‘urban’ if: • It had been assigned to a locality in 1981; or • It had a population density of 5 or more per hectare. Otherwise it was defined as ‘rural’ 2. Groups of adjoining urban postcodes were then identified. 3. Finally, local authorities were asked to suggest any changes needed to refine the above. The local authorities were asked to bear in mind that stages 1 and 2 may have failed to include postcodes that were unpopulated but which should still be deemed urban, eg industrial estates. They were also asked to consider situations where stages 1 & 2 may have combined several areas into one locality, but, each of the areas is considered locally to have a separate identity. This 1991 method (1, 2 & 3 above) identified 603 localities, 448 of which contained 1,000 residents or more, with the remainder containing a population of 500 or more but less that 1000.

gmd:MD_Metadata

File identifier
fd9a98c1-ab19-476e-9515-e5ec2698186f metadataInXML
engdataset
Hierarchy level name
dataset
Date stamp
Metadata standard name
UK GEMINI
Metadata standard version
2.2

Point of contact

National Records of Scotland
Ladywell House, Ladywell Road
Edinburgh
Scotland
EH12 7TF
United Kingdom